TED University Session 2 began with a difficult challenge, especially for 8:45 in the morning: describe yourself in six words. After several TEDGlobal 2013 attendees bravely took the stage to share their introductions, Kelly Stoetzel urged her co-host June Cohen to share her own six-word self-description. Cohen, who runs TED’s Media Team, raised a huge laugh with the words: “Launched TED Talks, haven’t slept since.”
And with that the program began, featuring eight talks from TEDGlobal audience members. Below, a recap of these talks given the morning of Tuesday, June 11. And check out the speakers in Session 1 here »
Tom Wujec: 3 ways the brain creates meaningTom Wujec, who’s given three TED Talks, introduces us to a deceptively simple exercise to help people solve problems and synthesize ideas: drawing how to make toast — without words. This reveals much about the drawer — some focus on the toast, some on the toaster, some on the person making it and some on the supply chain. All express nodes and links, revealing a systems model that maps how we think things work. The exercise can be expanded: drawing each step on cards or sticky notes allows movement of nodes and a more rapid way to express, reflect, and analyze. When a group of people draw collaboratively — tackling any subject from company vision to long-term sustainability — what starts out as a mess of ideas is refined until a pattern emerges that integrates everyone’s point of view.
TED Fellow Xavier Vilalta uses architecture to connect people with nature, and to bring out the spirit of local cultures. When asked to build a big, shiny, glass-walled shopping mall in Ethiopia — one that would be difficult to cool and that would be empty because few in the area could afford the shops — Vilalta drew inspiration from nearby outdoor markets and from the geometric patterns he saw on Ethiopian women’s dresses to create a new kind of mall.
Senior lecturer Arzu Coltekin has lived abroad in five countries in the last 15 years, and always she gets asked, “Where are you from?” When she says she’s from Turkey, she’s met with “You don’t look Turkish,” betraying a single narrative about the typical Turkish woman: veiled and limited in freedom. The truth is that a movement to educate women started roughly 100 years ago and has resulted in a generation of highly educated, independent Turkish women – numbering about 10 million – greater than the population of Switzerland. Proving her point, she shows images of the women on the front lines of the Occupy Gezi movement. “Is it normal for those women to be there?” she asks. “There they are. They exist, and they won’t have it any other way.”
Francesca and Roberto D’Angelo’s son, Mario, was born in January 2011. Ten days later, he had a stroke that paralyzed one side of his body. The two wondered: Would he ever walk? Would he be normal? Had they failed as parents? Soon, however, they realized that Mario was looking at them and mirroring their actions — and thus they couldn’t continue to look at Mario’s disability as a problem. They share how they flipped the script and made this challenge into an opportunity, with wonderful results.
Jane McGonigal: The game that can give you 10 extra years of lifeGame designer Jane McGonigal shares her favourite game: massively multiplayer thumb wrestling. It’s the only game in the world that allows the player ten positive emotions in 60 seconds or less — joy, relief, love, surprise, pride, curiosity, excitement, awe & wonder, contentment and creativity. She demonstrates with three audience members — simply put three thumbs together, four, add any free thumbs — then encourages the whole audience to stand and form interconnected nodes, with not a single thumb idle.
Africa is geographically isolated. But TED Fellow Juliana Rotich shares how that is changing, as the continent connects both internally and with the rest of the world. She introduces us to the latest project from her nonprofit tech company Ushahidi — a rugged, bring-anywhere modem for the developing work called BRCK able to withstand power outages. As Rotich says, “If it works in Africa, it will work anywhere.”
Juliana Rotich’s talk has been posted. Watch it here »
Bastian Schaefer from Airbus is revisioning the future of air travel. Working with a team developing a more sustainable aircraft, he unveils a model plane that appears to be made of an elaborate latticework skeleton, something he calls a “bony structure.” His design vision incorporates an aircraft fashioned from 3D-printed carbon nanotubes creating structures that allow infrastructure to transmit data and electricity. These more lightweight materials would reduce weight, key to making aircraft more sustainable. Seats would mold themselves to the shape of individual passengers, community areas would allow passengers to stand and play a round of golf, and best of all, there’d be no tiny airplane windows — a transparent shell enclosing the skeletal structure would allow in natural light by day and a view of the stars at night.
Margaret Heffernan: Dare to disagreeMargaret Heffernan defines silence as the “cavernous sound of things not being said.” She cites a disturbing stastic: that 75% of executives have concerns that don’t they voice, either out of fear of recrimination or a feeling that saying something wouldn’t change anything. She inspires us to speak up, sharing how simple questions can not only lead to new products and innovations, but can avert disaster and avoid harm.