Transcript

Stroke of insight: Jill Bolte Taylor on TED.com

Posted by: Tedstaff

Neuroanatomist Jill Bolte Taylor had an opportunity few brain scientists would wish for: One morning, she realized she was having a massive stroke. As it happened — as she felt her brain functions slip away one by one, speech, movement, understanding — she studied and remembered every moment. This is a powerful story of recovery and awareness — of how our brains define us and connect us to the world and to one another. (Recorded February 2008 in Monterey, California. Duration: 18:44.)

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I grew up to study the brain because I have a brother who has been diagnosed with a brain disorder, schizophrenia. And as a sister and as a scientist, I wanted to understand, why is it that I can take my dreams, I can connect them to my reality, and I can make my dreams come true — what is it about my brother’s brain and his schizophrenia that he cannot connect his dreams to a common, shared reality, so they instead become delusions?

So I dedicated my career to research into the severe mental illnesses. And I moved from my home state of Indiana to Boston where I was working in the lab of Dr. Francine Benes, in the Harvard Department of Psychiatry. And in the lab, we were asking the question, What are the biological differences between the brains of individuals who would be diagnosed as normal control, as compared to the brains of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective, or bipolar disorder?

So we were essentially mapping the microcircuitry of the brain, which cells are communicating with which cells, with which chemicals, and then with what quantities of those chemicals. So there was a lot of meaning in my life because I was performing this kind of research during the day. But then in the evenings and on the weekends I traveled as an advocate for NAMI, the National Alliance on Mental Illness.

But on the morning of December 10 1996 I woke up to discover that I had a brain disorder of my own. A blood vessel exploded in the left half of my brain. And in the course of four hours I watched my brain completely deteriorate in its ability to process all information. On the morning of the hemorrhage I could not walk, talk, read, write or recall any of my life. I essentially became an infant in a woman’s body.

If you’ve ever seen a human brain, it’s obvious that the two hemispheres are completely separate from one another. And I have brought for you a real human brain. [Thanks.] So, this is a real human brain. This is the front of the brain, the back of the brain with a spinal cord hanging down, and this is how it would be positioned inside of my head. And when you look at the brain, it’s obvious that the two cerebral cortices are completely separate from one another. For those of you who understand computers, our right hemisphere functions like a parallel processor. While our left hemisphere functions like a serial processor. The two hemispheres do communicate with one another through the corpus collosum, which is made up of some 300 million axonal fibers. But other than that, the two hemispheres are completely separate. Because they process information differently, each hemisphere thinks about different things, they care about different things, and dare I say, they have very different personalities. [Excuse me. Thank you. It's been a joy.]

Our right hemisphere is all about this present moment. It’s all about right here right now. Our right hemisphere, it thinks in pictures and it learns kinesthetically through the movement of our bodies. Information in the form of energy streams in simultaneously through all of our sensory systems. And then it explodes into this enormous collage of what this present moment looks like. What this present moment smells like and tastes like, what it feels like and what it sounds like. I am an energy being connected to the energy all around me through the consciousness of my right hemisphere. We are energy beings connected to one another through the consciousness of our right hemispheres as one human family. And right here, right now, all we are brothers and sisters on this planet, here to make the world a better place. And in this moment we are perfect. We are whole. And we are beautiful.

My left hemisphere is a very different place. Our left hemisphere thinks linearly and methodically. Our left hemisphere is all about the past, and it’s all about the future. Our left hemisphere is designed to take that enormous collage of the present moment. And start picking details and more details and more details about those details. It then categorizes and organizes all that information. Associates it with everything in the past we’ve ever learned and projects into the future all of our possibilities. And our left hemisphere thinks in language. It’s that ongoing brain chatter that connects me and my internal world to my external world. It’s that little voice that says to me, “Hey, you gotta remember to pick up bananas on your way home, and eat ‘em in the morning.” It’s that calculating intelligence that reminds me when I have to do my laundry. But perhaps most important, it’s that little voice that says to me, “I am. I am.” And as soon as my left hemisphere says to me “I am,” I become separate. I become a single solid individual separate from the energy flow around me and separate from you.

And this was the portion of my brain that I lost on the morning of my stroke.

On the morning of the stroke, I woke up to a pounding pain behind my left eye. And it was the kind of pain, caustic pain, that you get when you bite into ice cream. And it just gripped me and then it released me. Then it just gripped me and then released me. And it was very unusual for me to experience any kind of pain, so I thought OK, I’ll just start my normal routine. So I got up and I jumped onto my cardio glider, which is a full-body exercise machine. And I’m jamming away on this thing, and I’m realizing that my hands looked like primitive claws grasping onto the bar. I thought “that’s very peculiar” and I looked down at my body and I thought, “whoa, I’m a weird-looking thing.” And it was as though my consciousness had shifted away from my normal perception of reality, where I’m the person on the machine having the experience, to some esoteric space where I’m witnessing myself having this experience.

And it was all every peculiar and my headache was just getting worse, so I get off the machine, and I’m walking across my living room floor, and I realize that everything inside of my body has slowed way down. And every step is very rigid and very deliberate. There’s no fluidity to my pace, and there’s this constriction in my area of perceptions so I’m just focused on internal systems. And I’m standing in my bathroom getting ready to step into the shower and I could actually hear the dialog inside of my body. I heard a little voice saying, “OK, you muscles, you gotta contract, you muscles you relax.”

And I lost my balance and I’m propped up against the wall. And I look down at my arm and I realize that I can no longer define the boundaries of my body. I can’t define where I begin and where I end. Because the atoms and the molecules of my arm blended with the atoms and molecules of the wall. And all I could detect was this energy. Energy. And I’m asking myself, “What is wrong with me, what is going on?” And in that moment, my brain chatter, my left hemisphere brain chatter went totally silent. Just like someone took a remote control and pushed the mute button and — total silence.

And at first I was shocked to find myself inside of a silent mind. But then I was immediately captivated by the magnificence of energy around me. And because I could no longer identify the boundaries of my body, I felt enormous and expansive. I felt at one with all the energy that was, and it was beautiful there.

Then all of a sudden my left hemisphere comes back online and it says to me, “Hey! we got a problem, we got a problem, we gotta get some help.” So it’s like, OK, OK, I got a problem, but then I immediately drifted right back out into the consciousness, and I affectionately referred to this space as La La Land. But it was beautiful there. Imagine what it would be like to be totally disconnected from your brain chatter that connects you to the external world. So here I am in this space and any stress related to my, to my job, it was gone. And I felt lighter in my body. And imagine all of the relationships in the external world and the many stressors related to any of those, they were gone. I felt a sense of peacefulness. And imagine what it would feel like to lose 37
years of emotional baggage! I felt euphoria. Euphoria was beautiful — and then my left hemisphere comes online and it says “Hey! you’ve got to pay attention, we’ve got to get help,” and I’m thinking, “I got to get help, I gotta focus.” So I get out of the shower and I mechanically dress and I’m walking around my apartment, and I’m thinking, “I gotta get to work, I gotta get to work, can I drive? can I drive?”

And in that moment my right arm went totally paralyzed by my side. And I realized, “Oh my gosh! I’m having a stroke! I’m having a stroke!” And the next thing my brain says to me is, “Wow! This is so cool. This is so cool. How many brain scientists have the opportunity to study their own brain from the inside out?”

And then it crosses my mind: “But I’m a very busy woman. I don’t have time for a stroke!” So I’m like, “OK, I can’t stop the stroke from happening so I’ll do this for a week or two, and then I’ll get back to my routine, OK.”

So I gotta call help, I gotta call work. I couldn’t remember the number at work, so I remembered, in my office I had a business card with my number on it. So I go in my business room, I pull out a 3-inch stack of business cards. And I’m looking at the card on top, and even though I could see clearly in my mind’s eye what my business card looked like, I couldn’t tell if this was my card or not, because all I could see were pixels. And the pixels of the words blended with the pixels of the background and the pixels of the symbols, and I just couldn’t tell. And I would wait for what I call a wave of clarity. And in that moment, I would be able to reattach to normal reality and I could tell, that’s not the card, that’s not the card, that’s not the card. It took me 45 minutes to get one inch down inside of that stack of cards.

In the meantime, for 45 minutes the hemorrhage is getting bigger in my left hemisphere. I do not understand numbers, I do not understand the telephone, but it’s the only plan I have. So I take the phone pad and I put it right here, I’d take the business card, I’d put it right here, and I’m matching the shape of the squiggles on the card to the shape of the squiggles on the phone pad. But then I would drift back out into La La Land, and not remember when I come back if I’d already dialed those numbers.

So I had to wield my paralyzed arm like a stump, and cover the numbers as I went along and pushed them, so that as I would come back to normal reality I’d be able to tell, yes, I’ve already dialed that number. Eventually the whole number gets dialed, and I’m listening to the phone, and my colleague picks up the phone and he says to me, “Whoo woo wooo woo woo.” [laughter] And I think to myself, “Oh my gosh, he sounds like a golden retriever!” And so I say to him, clear in my mind I say to him. “This is Jill! I need help!” And what comes out of my voice is, “Whoo woo wooo woo woo.” I’m thinking, “Oh my gosh, I sound like a golden retriever.” So I couldn’t know, I didn’t know that I couldn’t speak or understand language until I tried.

So he recognizes that I need help, and he gets me help. And a little while later, I am riding in an ambulance from one hospital across Boston to Mass General Hospital. And I curl up into a little fetal ball. And just like a balloon with the last bit of air just, just right out of the balloon I felt my energy lift and I felt my spirit surrender. And in that moment I knew that I was no longer the choreographer of my life. And either the doctors rescue my body and give me a second chance at life or this was perhaps my moment of transition.

When I awoke later that afternoon I was shocked to discover that I was still alive. When I felt my spirit surrender, I said goodbye to my life, and my mind is now suspended between two very opposite planes of reality. Stimulation coming in through my sensory systems felt like pure pain. Light burned my brain like wildfire and sounds were so loud and chaotic that I could not pick a voice out from the background noise and I just wanted to escape. Because I could not identify the position of my body in space, I felt enormous and expensive, like a genie just liberated from her bottle. And my spirit soared free like a great whale gliding through the sea of silent euphoria. Harmonic. I remember thinking there’s no way I would ever be able to squeeze the enormousness of myself back inside this tiny little body.

But I realized “But I’m still alive! I’m still alive and I have found Nirvana. And if I have found Nirvana and I’m still alive, then everyone who is alive can find Nirvana.” I picture a world filled with beautiful, peaceful, compassionate, loving people who knew that they could come to this space at any time. And that they could purposely choose to step to the right of their left hemispheres and find this peace. And then I realized what a tremendous gift this experience could be, what a stroke of insight this could be to how we live our lives. And it motivated my to recover.

Two and a half weeks after the hemorrhage, the surgeons went in and they removed a blood clot the size of a golf ball that was pushing on my language centers. Here I am with my mama, who’s a true angel in my life. It took me eight years to completely recover.

So who are we? We are the life force power of the universe, with manual dexterity and two cognitive minds. And we have the power to choose, moment by moment, who and how we want to be in the world. Right here right now, I can step into the consciousness of my right hemisphere where we are — I am — the life force power of the universe, and the life force power of the 50 trillion beautiful molecular geniuses that make up my form. At one with all that is. Or I can choose to step into the consciousness of my left hemisphere. where I become a single individual, a solid, separate from the flow, separate from you. I am Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor, intellectual, neuroanatomist. These are the “we” inside of me.

Which would you choose? Which do you choose? And when? I believe that the more time we spend choosing to run the deep inner peace circuitry of our right hemispheres, the more peace we will project into the world and the more peaceful our planet will be. And I thought that was an idea worth spreading.

Comments (55)

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  • Tom Hanifin commented on Mar 17 2008

    The only reason I am a TED is because of Jill which is why I do NOT think or feel that the member who penned this profane and obscene comment below is funny by talking about God or Buddha in the same sentence with a reference to oral sex in it. Nor does she belong here…nor do any other politically incorrect people who felt up to saying that Lenny Bruce is still funny. Is Jill a Yid or does anything matter anymore? Thank you for your consideration and participation in this discussion about what belongs where and who should decide it.

    Day of Atonement

    As the Day of Atonement
    and the season, month, year, century and millennium
    in memory of the
    One Great and Unending Holocaust
    rapidly approaches

    let us all reflect…
    not on the crimes
    of a deaf and blind G-d
    who has allowed it to go on…

    but rather
    on what each of us
    have not done
    to end it.

    And
    if we are all together,
    and the very universe itself
    nothing but another experiment in life
    in some petri dish of nightmares
    only to make you feel small
    in the mind of the Divine
    at least for one moment
    which is only the duration
    of our individual lives…

    let each of us
    leave that Creator’s very being
    for all time and forever
    in terror…
    knowing

    It is only deaf and blind
    because we left It so
    in not giving a fuck
    about the least of Hers/His/Its/Theirs
    attributes of beauty

    nor even those asinine and impotent powers
    of mercy or compassion.

    But instead we succeeded
    in becoming greater
    than any such G-d we left
    in comparison to us
    a cripple
    by having more love
    for each and every one of us
    than It/They/He/She
    had for all of us…

    Hey, why the hell should we hope
    for any fucking messiah to save us
    when each of us
    can be an army of one Messiah
    among a legion
    of Messiahs and Messiahesses

    For low and behold
    even if there is any G-d of ALL Love
    I know for a motherfucking fact
    THAT
    is what the Cocksucker
    is hoping we will do and…

    Love each other
    more than any G-d…could fathom.

  • Girish Jha commented on Mar 16 2008

    Dear Ted,
    I am sorry to say that Modern Scientists talk about unbiased attaitude in research but become biased when it comes to what you are talking and what yoga had been talking for over 5000 years.
    RIght and Left brain Integration can take place consciously by higher practices of Yoga if done regularly . The mind reaches to a state where consciounsess starts using the brain and mind unlike claim by modern science that brain uses the consciousness.
    It is really right effort in right direction that you are doing.
    I wish i could start helping people in group by realizing consciously what you are/have been talking by Intensive Meditation Workshop that i used to conduct in India and other parts of the world
    Be in tocuh and find the posibility of invting people to conduct a workshop guided by research into brain, mind and consciousness so that we could realize New Paradigm of Living

  • philip fedon commented on Mar 19 2008

    As I listened for the second time to Jill, I found myself as captivated and awed as I was the first. Although some part of me has always known that my body limits me greatly it was so wonderful to hear her speak of the freedom of limits of her physical body. I agree with Tom in that if someone wants to rain on this parade they need to know we are all covered with an umbrella from our right hemispheres that keep us in peace and will not let them bring us down to there left brained thinking.
    Jill, if you read this, thank you so much for sharing this part of your life with us, I hope it is as inspirational for others as it has been for me. Going to try to kick that right side into action a bit more and tell the left to just shhhhhh. Thanks agaiin!

  • Georgianne Giese commented on Apr 13 2008

    Well, the audience on this blog is limited, but it strikes me that everyone missed a very important point: Dr. Taylor’s “self awareness” module was able to monitor, record, and remember everything that was happening to her throughout her stroke experience. Just where is THAT located? And how was it able to describe and record both the functions and non-functioning of both sides of the brain during this episode?

    This “self awareness” module goes beyond the analysis and feeling processes Dr. Taylor described, as it was able to observe and reason about both. I’ve encountered similar awareness functioning in schizophrenics who were not taking their meds, but who can still describe their thoughts and feelings as they are being processed in their brains. Outside observers may try to argure about the contents given by those descriptions, but the outside observer is not accessing that “self awareness” module of the person in question, but IS accessing their own inner module and/or perhaps ignoring what their own tells them in preference to what a text book written by someone else tells them.

    While our experience of reality is subjective, our ability to stand apart and process what is happening in our right and/or our left brain is clearly a real ability. It would be wise to give it some attention.

  • John Siciliano commented on Apr 8 2008

    cin Ema…..I understand your concerns and I am saddened by your friend’s suffering…but certainly you see the beauty in Dr Taylor’s talk?…..couldn’t you just visualize her experiences as she described them?…..didn’t you feel her emotion? I am afraid, if you did not see and feel something special in her talk….then you are allowing your logic to have too much sway over your life

  • Thomas Padikal commented on Apr 7 2008

    Dr. Jill Bolte Taylor has given us an extraordinary gift. All observations (including scientific) are influenced by our perspective, and the limitations of the equipment we bring to the inquiry. From the time we’re conceived we “image”. We form auditory, visual, olfactory, kinesthetic, sensual, gustatory and other sensory imprints. These imprints (or images) are never an exact replica of the “object” (or the “truth”) Stated mathematically:
    i(x,y,z,t) = JJJJ o(x’,y’,z’) g(x,x’;y,y’;z,z’;t,t’) dx’ dy’ dz’ dt’
    where J is an integral sign The beautiful description given by Dr. Taylor is a vivid documentation of the time evolution of the Green’s function g of the neural network, even as the brain experiences escalating trauma. If the trauma had progressed in a different direction, the time evolution of g, along with the experience, would’ve been quite different. A pretty remarkable and amazing “experiment” — a huge contribution! Thank you, indeed, Dr. Taylor!

  • Harald Eisenberg commented on Apr 7 2008

    http://www.haraldeisenberg.de/strokeofinsight.htm
    - German translation can be found here -

  • cine Ema commented on Apr 5 2008

    New to TED. Interesting talk from Jill Bolle Taylor, but I have some
    concerns: She seems to have a cavellier and unscrupulous summary
    of the diagnosis of schizophrenia, which I think is misleading to the
    uninformed public. She needs to be very clear and careful about what
    she means by terms such as “normal control” and stating that her
    brothers’ “dreams cannot connect to a common shared reality”
    What reality is she talking about? And why is the benchmark
    a “common shared realty” anyway?

    I’m glad to hear that she has participated with NAMI. That’s
    a good thing.

    But her tone reminds me of the recent PBS special with Barbara
    Walters glibly glossing over the ease and fun of living over 100 years.

    Not everyone sees this as fun and games.

    My suggestion is that she define her terms if she is to enlighten
    us about her stroke experience. A dear friend of mine “died”
    after a severe brain injury and her recovery has been anything
    but a glib mystical experience.

  • l thomas bell commented on Apr 3 2008

    what i wonder about is the possibility of “turning off” that portion of the brain with either meditation or medication. i taught firewalking for 20 years, which involves a form of inhibiting the left side of the brain and relying on the right side as dominate. if more people we able to “tune into” the right side of the brain, how would that change the world?

  • Brian Colbert commented on Mar 30 2008

    Fasinating , beautiful passionate and insightful….Wonderful description of the Brain (s).Part of it reminds me of my ayahuasca experience….especially the trips into the right hemisphere and the incresed intensity of the senses.

  • Adam D'Amalfi commented on Mar 27 2008

    This reminds me of the psychedelic experience :)

  • Fred Wahlstrom commented on Mar 23 2008

    Ga

  • J.F. SLATE commented on Mar 23 2008

    Awesome Talk! I had a brain stem injury jan ’94…been there, done that. Nirvana! I even went towards the light…but who really knows if that was only a dream after i came out of my coma, because i had a ventilated trache.
    (My thoughts might seem like they jump around, because i kept adding stuff to this post.)

    I have been malicieously(sp?) mis-diagnosed, because a PTSD happened in the Military back on Dec 26, 1992, while ON LIBERTY in Hong Kong. (An American Soldier sliced an unarmed dude’s throat on Liberty, i gave the man immediate aid…it was like a full roit scene to me, because i didn’t know at that time, in HK, the police do not carry guns…roit gear is their norm.) Since the gov’t thinks they can tell people that PTSDs do not happen outside the combat zones…I’ve been labeled w/ schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, AND bi-polar! I only wanted someone to talk through my PTSD to figure out how to deal w/ all the triggers. Instead, the VA gives me pills that i do not want..THEN hands me a check every month. I have enough without the VA check.
    I wanted to speak to a pyschologist, but the VA only sent me to a shrink…drug after drug, allergic reaction. Why? Because I’m not psychotic…do not give me anymore meds. 41 million people affected by meds in our water supply! Thank the VA for that!

    I had a ventilated trache, going in and out…my parents had me write stuff down, like “what today’s date was.” It was like feb 94…but i kept writing over and over the DATE of my PTSD from the Military. Jan 27,1992. and i kept trying to have them figure out that i am gay. like writing stuff like ask linda, ask my nurse, but she might not know…stuff like that!
    My parents kept these papers. And just recently had them send me copies. What’s more scary, is that those papers were written over 14 years ago, and i still can remember what my mother asked me, for me to write down certain answers.

    I also was married and pregnant at the time of my brain stem injury. When i came out of the coma, and was taken off the ventilator…I thought/knew I was “gay.”

    I am now ASEXUAL. I want to marry my best&only real friend, but America will not allow me to marry, because we are of the same gender. The VA Dr’s even list me as Delusional, because my best friend is a Celebrity. My best friend even wrote and signed saying, that i am not Delusional.
    My best friend knows that I’m a solution finder/thinker/free thinker. [While everyone else is thinking about what to pick up at the store...i write ideas, that will seen by the TV viewers like in next few months or years from now. It's funny to me. actually quite sad, that others are only like robots, and they think that is normal.]

    Hmmm, what i want to ask all of those against same-sex marriages that are married right now….were you a virgin/asexual when you married the love of your life?

    Anyway, I DO NOT want TAXPAYER’S MONEY…That money is no good!! Americas labeling almost killed me. I am not DISABLED…I AM VERY ABLE.

    Ironic?…my screenname since before 2000, i believe…. AHBeingiam@aol.com (a human being i am)
    Thank you Dr. Jill Boyte Taylor! Thank you sooo much “i am” too!!!

  • Garrick Sitongia commented on Mar 20 2008

    The state of mind of euphoria and oneness with all, described by Dr. Taylor during ensuing brain damage due to stroke somewhat disturbs me. Imagine yourself as a person walking around in the right-brain only perceptual state, being attacked by robbers, hucksters who want money, or any type of opportunist seeking an advantage. In this state, one would simply give them whatever they wanted. One’s survival probability would be close to zero. Even if one dies happy, that is still death and therefore immoral.

    The method of cult religions is to make people into thought slaves by forcing victims into this same perceptual blindness in which one gives up the “self”. This facilitates turning the victim into a physical slave who does not complain and with behavior that is always compliant, even against the victim’s survival needs.

    Also, a person in this state is not likely to solve problems of the world such as disease no matter how willing one is because solving problems requires insight from realistic analysis of the past and prediction of consequences, a left brain skill. And how likely are people in this state to be motivated to do physical labor such as farming or building structures for shelter, unless they are forced by others who are not in a right-brained perception only state?

    While I greatly respect and admire Dr. Taylor’s presence of mind to explore and report publicly her experience, I also cringe at her conclusions about her experience. I fear that Dr. Taylor’s enthusiasm will invite misguided abuse, and may even result in psycho-surgery based religious cults that convert people using permanent brain damage, with or without consent, at a new level above today’s brainwashing or indoctrination techniques which are reversible.

  • Dr. Aretoula Fullam commented on Mar 20 2008

    This is absolutely amazing! Dr. Taylor in 18 minutes has expressed so eloquently and scientifically what the Silva Method has been teaching for 60 years now through the course in Dynamic Meditation, or Self-Mind Control, which opens communication between the two hemispheres through the Corpus Callosum, so that the two hemispheres communicate with each other under the control of the “I AM” thus, having whole brain functioning.

    People learn to control the Alpha waves and experience through Dynamic Meditation and Self-Mind Control this wonderful place of creativity, wholeness and Oneness with the Spirit and all creation. I am very joyful and grateful that I myself know this wonderful level of bliss, enthusiasm and interconnection through dynamic meditation, so I dedicated the rest of my life to teach people how they can experience themselves this Oneness, expanded awareness and magical reality of the Spirit within.

    For any information about the Course visit http://www.GuideMind.com

    Dr. Aretoula Fullam

  • cheri mcdonald commented on Mar 15 2008

    I listened to this incredible talk and just wanted to share my own similar experience.
    Thank you so much to Jill for your beautiful sharing of the depth of the human being, the human brain and spirit

    Through healing my own traumatic brain injuury, chronic and life threatening illness over the course of 25 years of teaching these principles, I have been helping many in their journey to healing through detoxification,optimal nutrition and consistently improving the life force and and raising frequency of the body.

    I hope that I can talk with you Jill at some point and I leave my website and email for any who would like to be in communication with me this is truly information and practical action that needs to be spread to all!!!

    http://100thMonkeyResources.com email office@100thMonkeyResources.com

  • Patrik Nordquist commented on Mar 13 2008

    Prior to this speech I considered the Hans Rosling talk(s) to be the best on TED.com. Now that place goes to Dr Jill Bolte Taylor. I voted three times jawdropping on this one. Amazing presentation, the most alive presentation I’ve ever seen by anyone on TED. Maybe even in real life too. And she manages a strike two; even the message she brings is the most important one said on TED.

  • Dorothy Hall commented on Mar 13 2008

    Wonderful communication! Inspires and provokes much about how we perceive reality and what we presume about everyday reality and sense of self. Really enjoyed her passionate communication. Very moving.

    Brings me to consider — what is prior to the right and left brain hemispheres?

  • Jeremy Marr commented on Mar 12 2008

    Amazing story. I’m sure that her insight will lead her far in her research.

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